What Is The Chemical Composition Of Poison?

What is the chemical name of poison?

List of PoisonsChemicalDoseTypechlorine1 gelementarsenic975 mgelementbee sting venom500 mgbiologicalcyanide250 mgorganic23 more rows•Jul 13, 2019.

What makes a chemical poisonous?

All chemicals can cause harm. … The toxicity of a substance depends on three factors: its chemical structure, the extent to which the substance is absorbed by the body, and the body’s ability to detoxify the substance (change it into less toxic substances) and eliminate it from the body.

What are the common poisons?

Common poisons include:Alcohol.Berries and Seeds.Carbon Monoxide.Food Poisoning.Hazardous Chemicals.Herbal Supplements.Household Products.Inhalants.More items…

What elements can kill you?

So here is a list of substances that are more poisonous than their LD50 values might indicate.Botulinum toxins. Even though some of them are used in the cosmetic industry (including in botox), the botulinum family of neurotoxins includes the most toxic substances known to man. … Snake toxins. … Arsenic. … Polonium-210. … Mercury.

What is the most dangerous chemical?

Botulinum toxin1. Botulinum toxin. Scientists differ about the relative toxicities of substances, but they seem to agree that botulinum toxin, produced by anaerobic bacteria, is the most toxic substance known. Its LD50 is tiny – at most 1 nanogram per kilogram can kill a human.

How do you counter poison?

Try to neutralize the poison with lemon juice or vinegar, or any other substance, unless you are told to do so by the Poison Control Center or a doctor. Use any “cure-all” type antidote. Wait for symptoms to develop if you suspect that someone has been poisoned.

Is every chemical toxic?

To put it another way, all chemicals have the potential to be poisonous. It is the amount or dose taken into the body that determines whether or not they will cause poisonous effects. Poisoning, then, is caused not just by exposure to a particular chemical, but by exposure to too much of it.

What is the risk of chemical hazard?

Hazardous chemicals are substances that can cause adverse health effects such as poisoning, breathing problems, skin rashes, allergic reactions, allergic sensitisation, cancer, and other health problems from exposure. Many hazardous chemicals are also classified as dangerous goods.

What are the four major types of toxic substances?

Types. There are generally four types of toxic entities; chemical, biological, physical and radiation: Chemical toxicants include inorganic substances such as, lead, mercury, hydrofluoric acid, and chlorine gas, and organic compounds such as methyl alcohol, most medications, and toxins.

Which gases can kill you?

Carbon monoxide, or “CO,” is an odorless, colorless gas that can kill you.