Quick Answer: What Does The Prefix Phage Mean In Biology?

What does hyper mean in biology?

(Science: prefix) Signifying over, above, high, beyond, excessive, above normal; as, hyperphysical, hyperthyrion; also abnormally great, excessive; as, hyperaemia, hyperbola, hypercritical, hypersecretion.

2.

(Science: chemistry) a prefix equivalent to super- or per-; as hyperoxide, or peroxide..

Is Hyper a prefix?

Medical Definition of Hyper- Hyper-: Prefix meaning high, beyond, excessive, or above normal, as in hyperglycemia (high sugar in the blood) and hypercalcemia (high calcium in the blood). The opposite of hyper- is hypo-.

Is a phage a virus?

Bacteriophage, also called phage or bacterial virus, any of a group of viruses that infect bacteria. Bacteriophages were discovered independently by Frederick W. Twort in Great Britain (1915) and Félix d’Hérelle in France (1917).

Is photo a root word?

This ROOT-WORD is PHOTO which means LIGHT.

What does the prefix hetero mean in biology?

Hetero-: Prefix meaning different, as in heteromorphism (something that is different in form) and heterozygous (possessing two different forms of a particular gene). The opposite of hetero- is homo-.

Are bacteriophages good or bad?

Bacteriophage means “eater of bacteria,” and these spidery-looking viruses may be the most abundant life-form on the planet. HIV, Hepatitis C, and Ebola have given viruses a bad name, but microscopic phages are the good guys of the virology world.

What is meant by plasma?

Plasma is the largest part of your blood. … When separated from the rest of the blood, plasma is a light yellow liquid. Plasma carries water, salts and enzymes. The main role of plasma is to take nutrients, hormones, and proteins to the parts of the body that need it. Cells also put their waste products into the plasma.

What are phages used for?

Phages, formally known as bacteriophages, are viruses that solely kill and selectively target bacteria. They are the most common biological entities in nature, and have been shown to effectively fight and destroy multi-drug resistant bacteria.

What does plasm mean in biology?

affixThe affix (plasm) refers to the material forming cells and can also mean a living substance. The term plasm can be used as a suffix or prefix. Related terms include plasmo- , -plasmic, -plast, and -plasty.

What does the prefix biology mean?

bi-, bio- (Greek) life, living. abiotic, biotic.

What are bacteriophages 11?

A bacteriophage is a virus that infects a bacterial cell and reproduces inside it. They vary a lot in their shape and genetic material. A bacteriophage may contain DNA or RNA. The genes range from four to several thousand. Their capsid can be isohedral, filamentous, or head-tail in shape.

What does phage mean in biology?

bacteriophagesDefinition. Phage biology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of all biological aspects of bacteriophages (phages), which are viruses that infect bacteria. This includes the distribution, biochemistry, physiology, cell biology, ecology, evolution and applications of phages.

What does the prefix cyto mean in biology?

Cyto-: Prefix denoting a cell. “Cyto-” is derived from the Greek “kytos” meaning “hollow, as a cell or container.” From the same root come the combining form “-cyto-” and the suffix “-cyte” which similarly denote a cell.

What is the root word of biology?

Quick Summary. The Greek root word bio means ‘life. ‘ Some common English vocabulary words that come from this root word include biological, biography, and amphibian. One easy word that is helpful in remembering bio is biology, or the study of ‘life.

What does the prefix phage mean?

, -phage , -phagia , -phagy. Combining forms meaning eating, devouring.