Quick Answer: What Are The Long Term Side Effects Of Bacterial Meningitis?

What are the long term effects of bacterial meningitis?

Main complications hearing loss, which may be partial or total – people who have had meningitis will usually have a hearing test after a few weeks to check for any problems.

recurrent seizures (epilepsy) problems with memory and concentration.

co-ordination, movement and balance problems..

Can meningitis cause problems years later?

Symptoms commonly associated with bacterial meningitis include acute onset of high fever, headache, neck stiffness, photophobia and confusion. The survivors are at high risk to develop long-term sequelae despite appropriate antibiotic therapy and availability of vaccines [5].

What is the survival rate of bacterial meningitis?

Mortality for bacterial meningitis is highest in the first year of life, decreases in midlife, and increases again in old age. Bacterial meningitis is fatal in 1 in 10 cases, and 1 of every 7 survivors is left with a severe handicap, such as deafness or brain injury.

Can meningitis cause vision problems?

Sight problems Changes in sight can be a permanent or temporary effect of meningitis. Damage to the optic nerve can result in partial sight loss or blindness in one or both eyes. Swelling of optic nerves can produce temporary eyesight difficulties.

How long does Meningitis take to kill?

90% of children and teenagers who die of meningococcal meningitis die within 24 hours. Research has found that nearly 90% (88.7%) of children and teenagers who are killed by invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) die within 24 hours of diagnosis.

How long does it take to heal from bacterial meningitis?

If you are diagnosed with viral meningitis, you will usually find that symptoms improve within a few days and most recover fully after one to four weeks.

Can meningitis change your personality?

Meningococcal meningitis may be associated with kidney and adrenal gland failure and shock. Individuals with encephalitis often show mild flu-like symptoms. In more severe cases, people may experience problems with speech or hearing, double vision, hallucinations, personality changes, and loss of consciousness.

Can bacterial meningitis cause heart problems?

Endocarditis is an uncommon coexisting condition in bacterial meningitis but is associated with a high rate of unfavorable outcome.

What are the long term side effects of spinal meningitis?

After effects most likely to be caused by meningitisMemory loss/lack of concentration/difficulty retaining information.Clumsiness/co-ordination problems.Headaches.Deafness/hearing problems/tinnitus/dizziness/loss of balance.Epilepsy/seizures.Weakness/paralysis/spasms.Speech problems.Loss of sight/vision problems.

Can you fully recover from bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be deadly. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. However, permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities) can result from the infection.

Does meningitis stay with you forever?

Viral meningitis can make you very sick, but it often doesn’t leave lingering effects. Bacterial meningitis is more serious. It progresses rapidly and can cause permanent damage or even become life-threatening. Quick diagnosis and treatment can help prevent some of the potential long-term side effects.

What is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis?

Several strains of bacteria can cause acute bacterial meningitis, most commonly: Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). This bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, young children and adults in the United States. It more commonly causes pneumonia or ear or sinus infections.

How are patients physically affected by bacterial meningitis?

The most common symptoms of bacterial meningitis are: Painful, stiff neck with limited range of motion. Headaches. High fever.

Can meningitis be prevented?

The most effective way to prevent meningitis is to get vaccinated against the disease. There are currently two vaccines available in the U.S. that protect against most types of bacterial meningitis.

Can you survive meningitis without treatment?

In most cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Most people who get mild viral meningitis usually recover completely in 7 to 10 days without treatment. Antiviral medicine may help people with meningitis caused by viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza.

What are the prognosis and potential long term complications of meningitis?

If left untreated, the infection can cause brain damage or even death. Antibiotics can usually eliminate the bacteria. Still, about 10 to 15 percent of cases result in death even when antibiotics are used. Among people who recover, 11 to 19 percent will experience long-term complications.

What are the complications of bacterial meningitis?

What are the serious complications of bacterial meningitis?Hearing loss.Cortical blindness.Other cranial nerve dysfunction.Paralysis.Muscular hypertonia.Ataxia.Multiple seizures.Mental motor retardation.More items…•