Quick Answer: What Are The 5 Regions Of The Body?

What are the regions of the body?

Two primary terms are used to describe the main regions of the body:The Axial Region makes up the main axis of the human body and includes the head, neck, chest, and trunk.The Appendicular Region makes up the parts of the human body that connect to the axial region.

This includes the limbs and appendages..

What is the lower part of the body called?

Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity).

What is the difference between proximal and distal?

The thumb is distal to the wrist. Distal is the opposite of proximal. Distal refers to distance, while proximal indicates proximity.

What is the biggest part of the body?

SkinBody organs aren’t all internal like the brain or the heart. There’s one we wear on the outside. Skin is our largest organ—adults carry some 8 pounds (3.6 kilograms) and 22 square feet (2 square meters) of it.

What are the 7 Major organs of the human body?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. … The lungs. … The liver. … The bladder. … The kidneys. … The heart. … The stomach. … The intestines.

What is the difference between anatomy and physiology?

While human anatomy is the study of the body’s structures, physiology is the study of the chemistry and physics behind how those structures work.

What are the 11 body regions?

Here’s a list of the axial body’s main regions:Head and neck. Cephalic (head) Cervical (neck) Cranial (skull) Frontal (forehead) Nasal (nose) … Thorax. Axillary (armpit) Costal (ribs) Deltoid (shoulder) Mammary (breast) … Abdomen. Abdominal (abdomen) Gluteal (buttocks) Inguinal (bend of hip) Lumbar (lower back)

What are the 12 organs of the body?

They are the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Only the reproductive system varies significantly between males and females.

Is the wrist distal to the elbow?

The wrist joint is distal to the elbow joint. The scaphoid lies in the proximal row of carpal bones. The knee joint is proximal to the ankle joint.

Where is the mental region of the human body?

The chin is referred to as the mental region. The neck is referred to as the cervical region.

What are the 4 body planes?

The anatomical planes are four imaginary flat surfaces or planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position. They are the median plane, sagittal planes, coronal (frontal) planes and horizontal (transverse) planes (figure 2).

What is the side view of the body called?

Anterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction toward the front of the body. The toes are anterior to the foot. Posterior (or dorsal) Describes the back or direction toward the back of the body. … Lateral describes the side or direction toward the side of the body.

What are the 4 main anatomical positions?

The standard anatomical position for humans is the feet together (or slightly apart), and the forearms are rotated with the palms forward and the thumbs pointed away from the body….Directional TermsSuperior and Inferior. … Anterior and Posterior. … Medial and Lateral. … Proximal and Distal. … Superficial and Deep.

What is the name of body part between legs?

PelvisThe pelvic region is the area between the trunk — or main body — and the lower extremities, or legs. The male pelvis is different from a female’s.

What are humans made of?

Almost 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of six elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. Only about 0.85% is composed of another five elements: potassium, sulfur, sodium, chlorine, and magnesium. All 11 are necessary for life.

What are the 3 body planes?

There are three planes commonly used; sagittal, coronal and transverse.

What is the difference between longitudinal cross transverse and horizontal cuts?

A longitudinal section would be along the length while a transverse section is across the length… also called a cross section. The word “transverse” is used when there is a natural direction like current in a wire. … A longitudinal section would make the cut parallel to the wire instead of across it.

What are the anatomical positions of the body?

In humans, standard anatomical position is with the body standing up straight and facing forward, with arms by the sides of the body and palms facing forward. The legs are straight, and the feet are slightly apart from one another and turned outward slightly.

What body part is inferior to the chest?

Both the liver and the stomach are located in the lower chest region under the thoracic diaphragm, a sheet of muscle at the bottom of the rib cage that separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity.

What is the lower part of the torso called?

The abdomen (colloquially called the stomach, belly, tummy or midriff) is the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates.

What are the 13 systems in the human body?

The main systems of the human body are:Circulatory system / Cardiovascular system: … Digestive system and Excretory system: … Endocrine system: … Integumentary system / Exocrine system: … Immune system and lymphatic system: … Muscular system: … Nervous system: … Renal system and Urinary system.More items…