Question: What Is A Latent Viral Infection

How is a persistent viral infection different from a latent viral infection?

Persistent infections are where the viruses are continually present in the body.

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In a latent viral infection the virus remains in equilibrium with the host for long periods of time before symptoms again appear, but the actual viruses cannot be detected until reactivation of the disease occurs..

Can you have a chronic viral infection?

Varicella-zoster virus, measles virus, HIV-1, and human cytomegalovirus are examples of viruses that cause typical persistent infections. A chronic infection is a type of persistent infection that is eventually cleared, while latent or slow infections last the life of the host.

How do you tell if it’s viral or bacterial?

Your doctor often can diagnose you through a medical history and physical exam. The doctor may order blood or urine tests or a spinal culture to help pinpoint a viral or bacterial infection.

Can you have a viral infection for years?

Some viruses, such as hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus, can cause chronic infections. Chronic hepatitis can last for years, even decades.

What does it mean for a virus to be latent?

When a virus is present in the body but exists in a resting (latent) state without producing more virus. A latent viral infection usually does not cause any noticeable symptoms and can last a long period of time before becoming active and causing symptoms.

What is a latent viral infection quizlet?

Latent infection. viral infection in which the viral genome is present but not active, so viral particles are not being produced.

What is a chronic viral infection?

Chronic infection is characterized by the continued presence of infectious virus following the primary infection and may include chronic or recurrent disease. Slow infection is characterized by a prolonged incubation period followed by progressive disease.

Can you have a viral infection for months?

Acute infections, which are short-lived. Chronic infections, which can last for weeks, months, or a lifetime. Latent infections, which may not cause symptoms at first but can reactivate over a period of months and years.

How long does it take viral infection to go away?

Still, if things don’t improve after about 10 days — or if your symptoms are severe — see a doctor. It’s possible that you’ve developed a sinus infection and need antibiotics. What can I do to feel better? A viral infection usually lasts only a week or two.

What is the fastest way to get rid of a viral infection?

But you can find relief faster with these smart moves.Take it easy. When you’re sick, your body works hard to fight off that infection. … Go to bed. Curling up on the couch helps, but don’t stay up late watching TV. … Drink up. … Gargle with salt water. … Sip a hot beverage. … Have a spoonful of honey.

How do you fight a viral infection?

taking over-the-counter fever reducers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, to reduce a fever and its symptoms. resting as much as possible. drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated and replenish fluids lost while sweating. taking antiviral medications, such as oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu), when applicable.

What is an example of a latent viral infection?

The focus of the article is on those viruses known to cause latent infections, which include herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, Epstein–Barr virus, human cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus 6, human herpesvirus 7, Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, JC virus, BK virus, parvovirus and adenovirus.